THE METABOLITES OF THE MEDICINAL PLANTS AS THE BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE COУMPOUNDS

Issue: 
2
Year: 
2016

V.A. Kurkin
Dr.Sc. (Pharm.), Professor, Samara State Medical University
E-mail: Kurkinvladimir@yandex.ru

In the present paper conceptually are considered biologically active compounds of medicinal plants as an important model in the formation of specialists in the field of pharmacy. It is substantiated that the chemical classification of medicinal vegetative raw materials is of fundamental importance, not only for pharmacognosy, but for phytotherapy, in which case the chemical structure of biologically active compounds should be regarded as a methodological base in terms explain the characteristics of pharmacotherapeutic action, prognosis of pharmacological effects, the scientific substantiation of technology of obtaining of preparations, and also find ways to achieve efficiency and safety of treatment with preparations on the basis of the herbal materials. In the present paper are discussed also the relationships between the physical, physical-chemical, spectral, pharmacological properties and the chemical structures of biologically active compounds, which are used as the criterion for the authenticity and quality of herbal materials and phytopharmaceuticals. The expediency of introduction in pharmacognosy a new concept − the leading group of biologically active compounds, as well as the need for interpretation of the significance of the manifestations of pharmacological effects of not one, and usually several groups of active substances.

Keywords: 
Key words: pharmacy
pharmacognosy
medicinal plants
herbal materials
metabolites
biologically active compounds
phytopharmaceuticals
standardization.