BIOECOLOGICAL FEATURES, THE PRODUCTIVITY OF GIPSYWORT (LYCOPUS EUROPAEUS L.) IN NATURE AND IN CULTIVATION

Issue: 
3
Year: 
2016

V.Yu. Maslyakov
Ph.D. (Geograph.), Deputy Head of Centre of Plant Growing, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Natural Plant Resources,
All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)
E-mail: maslyakoff@mail.ru
G.P. Pushkina
Ph.D. (Biol.), Leading Research Scientist, Department of Agrobiology,
All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)
E-mail: vilarnii@mail.ruL.M. Bushkovskaya
Ph.D. (Biol.), Leading Research Scientist, Department of Agrobiology,
All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)
E-mail: vilarnii@mail.ru
N.I. Kovalev
Post-Graduate Student, All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)
E-mail: vilarnii@mail.ru

Medicinal raw material of Lycopus europaeus L. is the herb (herba Lycopi). Studied resources of Lycopus europaeus L. Bioproductivity of gipsywort in nature is 0.1‒0.8 c/ga. This bioproductivity is insufficient for the production of drugs. Gipsywort under cultivation is well developed and passes all phenological phases. Studied three ways of reproduction: seed, seedlings and reproduction aboveground shoots. It is established that the seeds require stratification or applying growth regulators. When using the seed method of reproduction the productivity 0.7 c/ha. When using the seedling method, the survival rate of plants was 95‒100%. The productivity was 1.7‒2.2 c/ga. The best method of plant reproduction is reproduction aboveground shoots. When use planting by aboveground shoots the survival rate is 98-100%. Bioproductivity – 2.7‒3.6 c/ga.

Keywords: 
Key words: medicinal plants with thyrotropic action
Lycopus europaeus
plant resources
bioproductivity.