GENDER-RELATED PROFILES OF MACRO- AND TRACE ELEMENT CONTENTS OBSERVED IN HAIR SAMPLES OF ATHLETES IN MAGADAN CITY

Issue: 
4
Year: 
2016

E.M. Stepanova
Junior Research Scientist, Scientific-Research Centre «Arktika» FEB RAS, (SRC «Arktika» FEB RAS) (Magadan)
E-mail: elena_plant@mail.ru
E.A. Lugovaya
Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Scientific-Research Centre «Arktika» FEB RAS, (SRC «Arktika» FEB RAS) (Magadan)
E-mail: at-evgenia@mail.ru

Young residents of Magadan city who regularly go in for cyclic sports (skiing, swimming) were examined to study gender-related differences in their macro- and trace elements. All examinees were divided into two groups: sporting (sport, n = 50) and non-sporting (control, n = 130). We used the method of spectrometry to ascertain the contents of 25 chemicals in the subjects’ hair samples. The results of the study suggested that, there had been a small number of gender-related differences in sport group to observe in essential and toxic elements, while control group had had a significant number of gender-related differences through the examined chemicals. As for sport group, the adolescents were reported to differ since boys within the group had been reliably higher in Co and Sn, and lower in Mg in comparison with girls. The youth of that very group demonstrated no reliable differences excepting for toxic Sn been observed higher in young males. As for control, it should be of note that female subjects of the group proved to have reliably higher such thyroid-specific elements as Se, Mg, Zn, immune- enhancing Co, Se, Mg and Zn as well as regenerating and antioxidant bio elements Se and Zn.

Keywords: 
Key words: macro elements
trace elements
North
adaptation
sport.