POTENTIAL BIOHERBICIDE PROPERTIES OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS

Issue: 
6
Year: 
2016

M.N. Kondratyev
Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Professor, Department of Plant Physiology,
Russian State Agrarian University − Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy
E-mail: plant.phys@timacad.ru
Yu.S. Larikova
Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Department of Plant Physiology,
Russian State Agrarian University − Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy
A.N. Davydova
Post-graduate Student, Department of Plant Physiology,
Russian State Agrarian University − Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy

The bioherbicide effects of the pharmaceptical plant leaves (Matricaria chamomilla, Artemisia absinthium) on the weeds (Thlaspi anvense, Stellaria media) was studies. The herbicide effect on the studied weeds was found by the application of the non-soluted and low-soluted juice of pharmaceutical plants. The highly-saluted call sap (1:2; 1:4; 1:8) has a slow toxic effect on the weeds, which was found by the changes in the chlorophylls a/b and the dry-matter accumulation by the test-plants The most sensitive components of the cellular juice of Matricaria chamomilla and Artemisia absinthium was starwort Stellaria media plants.

Keywords: 
Key words: Matricaria chamomilla
Artemisia absinthium
Thlaspi anvense
Stellaria media
interactions
bioherbicide.