BIOPRODUCTIVITY POTENTILLA ALBA (POTENTILLA ALBA L.) INTRODUCED IN THE CENTRAL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

Issue: 
9
Year: 
2016

O.A. Bykova
Ph.D. (Agrical.), Director, North Caucasian branch of All-Russian Scientific Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Krasnodar, st. Vasyurinskaya)
E-mail: vilar8@rambler.ru
T.G. Kadatskaya
Senior Research Sientist, North Caucasian branch of All-Russian Scientific Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Krasnodar, st. Vasyurinskaya)
R.N. Thaganov
Senior Research Scientist, North Caucasian branch of All-Russian Scientific Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Krasnodar, st. Vasyurinskaya)
A.Y. Anikina
Research Scientist, North Caucasian branch of All-Russian Scientific Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Krasnodar, st. Vasyurinskaya)

In order to preserve rare and endangered species of Potentilla alba L., there is a need for the introduction of it in the culture. The introduce in the pharmaceutical practice of a new of medicinal plant raw material is timely. Questions of biology, the possibilities of introduction and conservation of this species are virtually unexplored. The article describes the morphology, peculiarities of reproduction, flowering and maturation of seeds of Potentilla alba L. in the Central zone of the Krasnodar region. The data on the effect of micronutrients and growth regulators on growth intensification and increase of biological productivity of plants. Experimental work to study the adaptation possibilities of the Potentilla alba were conducted in the experimental field of the North-Caucasian branch of Russian research Institute of medicinal and aromatic plants (Krasnodar region, st. Vasyurinskaya). The studies conducted in the Central zone of Krasnodar region have shown that the most productive method of reproduction of the Potentilla alba is vegetative propagation – by dividing the rhizome. When grown in the Central zone of Krasnodar region Potentilla alba not damaged by pests and diseases is not affected in contrast to the Moscow region. For best survival rate, the vegetative planting material were soaked in a binary solution Kornevin with Zircon at an exposure of 12 hours. Soaking of growth root regulators gave the opportunity to increase the survival rate of planting material on the average on 20% in comparison with the control. To enhance the growth processes of plants was treated with a mixture of growth regulators Absolut and Cytovit, then three weeks later with a mixture of Sylyplant and Zircon. Application of microfertilizers and growth stimulants significantly affected the growth and development of plants: plant biomass exceeded the control by 59%, and the weight of rhizomes in the treated plots increased by 55%. On the second and third year of vegetation continued to increase in rhizomes and increased above-ground biomass. The mass of rhizomes by the end of the second year of vegetation in the variants with application of microfertilizers and growth stimulants was up to 250-260 g. In the 3rd year of vegetation significant difference between the variants was not observed, the weight of rhizomes was 362-370 g.

Keywords: 
Key words: bloodroot white
introduction
establishment
corporatively
growth regulators.