THE ROLE OF THE GROWTH OF REGULATORS AND MICROFERTILIZERS IN THE PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY OF MACLEAYA CORDATA FROM WEEDS

Issue: 
4
Year: 
2017

N.I. Sidelnikov
Dr.Sc. (Agricul.), Corresponding Member of RAS, Director,
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)
E-mail: vilarnii@mail.ru
G.P. Pushkina
Ph.D. (Biol.), Leading Research Scientist, Department of Agrobiologic and Selection,
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)
O.A. Bykova
Ph.D. (Agricul.), Director,
North-Caucasian Branch of All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow)

The article presents the technology of weeds control on Macleaya cordata of the first year of the vegetation. The developed innovative protection technology, which includes the processing of the autumn field by herbicide Roundup, a comprehensive usage of herbicides Corsair + Zellek-super with reduced consumption rate (2,0 l/he + 0,5 l/he) and the growth regulator Zircon in phase 3-4 of real leaves, is effective in control of weeds. Also it reduces a phytotoxic effect of the herbicides on the culture. The usage of the growth regulator Zircon together with herbicides helps to increase the productivity and the output of the active ingredients (alkaloids) per hectare. The treatment of Macleaya cordata of the second year of vegetation by microfertilizer Ferovit increases the competitiveness of the culture to weeds, enhances the plant growth and allows to obtain the stable yields of the medicinal raw materials regardless of weather conditions.

Keywords: 
Macleaya cordata
weeds
growth regulators
herbicides
microfertilizers.