THE PRINCIPLE OF THE INTEGRATED USE OF PLANT RAW MATERIALS AS A TOOL FOR RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES FOR OBTAINING THERAPEUTIC AND PROPHYLACTIC AGENTS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2021-12-01
Issue: 
12
Year: 
2021

O.L. Saybel Ph.D. (Pharm.), All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow, Russia) E-mail: olster@mail.ru

The modern level of development of the pharmaceutical industry makes it possible to obtain from plants total, purified extracts, as well as individual biologically active substances (BAS) and their amounts. The creation of such products is achieved by a detailed study of the chemical composition of new plant species, the identification of active components, an assessment of their effectiveness and safety, and the solution of standardization issues. Technologies for the integrated use of raw materials are the most rational way of processing medicinal plants. Practical methods for implementing this principle are the use of the whole plant, the production of several substances in one production process, the secondary use of meal after extraction and cake after pressing. All the examples of the implementation of the principle of the integrated use of plant raw materials given in the article testify to its rationality and make it possible to ensure high-tech and economic feasibility of phytochemical industries. In this regard, it is this approach, if possible, should be applied in the study of new types of medicinal plants. To develop resource-saving technologies for the integrated use of new types of medicinal plants, a comprehensive science-based approach should be applied, combining theoretical and experimental research segments. Common chicory is a new plant species that is promising for complex use. The processing of its aboveground and underground parts can result in hepatoprotective and immunomodulatory pharmaceutical substances, as well as functional products in the form of inulin and feed additives for ruminants.

Keywords: 
complex processing of plant raw materials
resource-saving technologies
secondary raw materials
chicory

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