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F.A. Vagabova Ph.D.(Eng.), Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Scientific Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: A.M. Aliev Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Scientific Center of RAS (Makhachkala); Senior Research Scientist institute of physic, Dagestan Scientific Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: G.K. Radjabov Research Scientist, Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Scientific Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: A.M. Musaeva Head of Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Scientific Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail:

For the first time, the total content and chemical composition of the essential oil Artemisia splendens Willd and Artemisia tschernieviana Bess were studiedfrom natural populations of the flora of Dagestan. Comparative characteristics of the component composition of essential oil of two Dagestan species of the genus Artemisia L. is given. In Dagestan, the genus of Artemisia L. is represented by 21 species. Samples Artemisia tschernieviana Bess. аnd Artemisia splendens Willd. for analysis were collected in natural populations of Dagestan at an altitude of 60 and 580 m above sea level in the flowering phase of 2014 and 2013, respectively. The extraction of essential oil from the samples was carried out by hydrodistillation, the component composition of the resulting oil by chromatography-mass spectrometry. The yield of essential oil was 0.23% and 0.88% for A. splendens and A. tschernieviana. In A. splendens essential oil, 26 compounds were found, 12 of which have concentra-tions above 1%, and the main compounds are artemisia-ketone (27.20%), longiriverbone (37.56%), trans-sabinyl acetate (10.40% %). The major component composition of the essential oil of the A. splendens aerial part of the Dagestan sample is very different from that of the well-known sample collected in Iran (1,8-cineole, caryophyllene oxide, valensen, and α-terpinyl-acetate). In the essential oil of the Dagestan A. tschernieviana sample 51 components were found, 15 of them have a concentration above 1%, and the main ones are α-pinene (8.90%), β-pinene (10.69%), limonene (9.10%), α-bisabolol (35.14%). It should be noted that some monoterpenes (pinenes, limonene), characteristic for the studied Iranian samples, are present in the essential oil of the aboveground part of A. tschernieviana of the Dagestan sample as major compounds. The results obtained by us, of course, are of scientific interest and practical importance. Thus, the investigated samples of wormwood and their essential oils can be used as sources of such important compounds as lingiverbenone, which has antimicrobial ac-tivity, attractant and repellent activity (A. splendens) and α-bisabolol, which has a great future in combating malignant tumors (A. tschernieviana).

Artemisia splendens Willd.
Artemisia tschernieviana Bess.
essential oil

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