THE ALLELOPATHIC PROPERTIES OF SECONDARY CONNECTIONS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS (REVIEW)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2018-02-02
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Issue: 
2
Year: 
2018

M.N. Kondratiev Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Professor, Department of Plant Physiology, Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University (Moscow) E-mail: minikondr39@mail.ru A.N. Skorokhodova Post-graduate Student, Department of Plant Physiology, Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University (Moscow) Ju.S. Larikova Ph.D. (Biol.), Department of Plant Physiology, Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University (Moscow) D.P. Evdokimova Post-graduate Student, Department of Plant Physiology, Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University (Moscow)

The control of weed plants in agroecosystems forces scientists to search for new ways to solve this problem, as the economic losses caused by weeds may be higher than those caused by other pests. The studies carried out in the last 10−15 years have shown the prospects of using of secondary compounds formed by plants as biogerbicides and pesticides in agricultural production in different countries of the world. The advantage of their use in crop production practice is based on their ecological safety, both in terms of rapid decomposition in the environment, and the absence of a negative effect on the quality of crop production. Of particular interest as po-tential sources of biogerbicides are medicinal plants, which is proved by studies at the cellular, subcellular and molecular levels. The main classes of secondary metabolites are established and their properties are described, which depend on the complex of internal fac-tors (type, age, physiological state of the plant) and external factors (temperature, intensity of light, nutritional regime) of environ-mental factors. However, the data obtained so far on the chemical structure of secondary metabolites do not make it possible to syn-thesize them by chemical means, and, therefore, limits the possibilities of testing their allelopathic potential.

Keywords: 
medicinal plants
secondary metabolites
allelopathy
biogerbicides
weeds

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