THE BIOMORPHS IN THE GENERA ATRAGENE AND CLEMATIS (RANUNCULACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST AND THE IMPORTANCE OF THEIR CHARACTERISTICS FOR THE SPECIES IDENTIFICATION AS MEDICAL PLANTS AND OTHER USES

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2018-10-17
Issue: 
10
Year: 
2018

A.N. Luferov Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Head of Department of Pharmaceutical and Natural Science, I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University E-mail: luferovc@mail.ru

Many species of Atragene and Clematis (Ranunculaceae) are prospective as medicinal and ornamental plants. The relevance of their study is de-termined by the presence of valuable drugs. The article provides information about the diagnostic features of the following species of Atragene (A. macropetala (Ledeb.) Ledeb., A. ochotensis Pall. with subspecies: subsp. ochotensis, subsp. coerulescens Kom., A. koreana (Kom.) Kom., A. speciosa Weinm.) and Clematis (C. brevicaudata DC., C. serratifolia Rehder, C. manshurica Rupr., C. sichotealinensis Ulanova, C. aethusifoila Turcz., C. latisecta (Maxim.) Prantl, C. fusca Turcz. with varieties: var. fusca, var. ajanensis Regel et Tiling, var. mandshurica Regel, var. umbrosa Kom., var. violacea Maxim., C. hexapetala Pall.), growing in the Russian Far East. To determine the species and infraspecific taxa, it is proposed to use not only morphological features of vegetative and generative organs, but also the features of their biomorphs: morphological types of the above-ground shoots, the position of growth-points with respect to soil surface, types of root systems etc. The variability of these features depending on the environmental conditions of different habitats is taken into consi-deration. The description of 9 categories of life-forms of shrub, halfshrub and herbaceous species of Atragene and Clematis, is given; they belong to 2 bio-morphological groups: 1. Geoxyle shrubs and halfshrubs; 2. Herbaceous polycarpics with short rhizomes and fibrous roots. The criteria, underlying the bi-omorph systems of C. Raunkiaer and I. G. Serebryakov, were used.

Keywords: 
Ranunculaceae
Atragene
Clematis
biomorphs
diagnosis of species
Far East of Russia
medicinal plants
ornamental plants

References: 
  1. Barykina R.P., Chubatova N.V. O tipah prorastanija i pervyh etapah ontogeneza v rode Clematis L. // Zhiznennye formy: struktura, spektry i evoljutsija. Trudy Mosk. obsch-va ispytatelej prirody. T. 56. M.: Nauka. 1981. S. 111-140.
  2. Barykina R.P., Chubatova N.V. Morfologo-anatomicheskoe izuchenie knjazhika i ego sistematicheskoe polozhenie // Bjulleten' Mosk. obsch-va ispytatelej prirody. Otd. Biologii. 1983. T. 88. № 6. S. 62-73.
  3. Chubatova N.V. Sravnitel'noe izuchenie ontomorfogeneza travjanistyh i kustarnikovyh lomonosov (Ranunculaceae) // Cb. materialov III Mezhdunar. nauchno-praktich. konf., posvjasch. 85-letiju Astrahanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta (21-26 avgusta 2017 g.). «Ekologija biosistem: problemy izuchenija, indikatsii i prognozirovanija». 2017. S. 229-236.
  4. Shreter A.I. Lekarstvennaja flora sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka. M.: Meditsina. 1975. 328 s.
  5. Luferov A.N. Ljutikovye (Ranunculaceae) Dal'nego Vostoka – perspektivnye lekarstvennye rastenija // Sb. materialov Vseross. nauchno-praktich. konf. s mezhdunar. uchastiem «Perspektivy vnedrenija innovatsionnyh tehnologij v meditsine i farmatsii» (30 nojabrja - 01 dekabrja 2017 g.) / Pod obsch. red. S.G. Mardanly, V.V. Pomazanova, V.A. Kiselevoj. Orehovo-Zuevo: Redaktsionno-izdatel'skij otdel GGTU. 2017. S. 125-129.
  6. Chubatova N.V. Ontogenez i morfologicheskaja evoljutsija lomonosov flory SSSR: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. biol. nauk. M.: MGU im. M.V. Lomonosova. 1991. 22 s.
  7. Raunkiær C. Planterigets livsformer og deres betydning for geografien / København og Kristiania: Gyldendalske Boghandel – Nordisk Forlag. 1907. 132 p.
  8. Serebrjakov I.G. Ekologicheskaja morfologija rastenij. M.: Vysshaja shkola. 1962. 377 s.
  9. Luferov A.N. Taksonomicheskij konspekt ljutikovyh (Ranunculaceae) Dal'nego Vostoka Rossii // Turczaninowia. 2004. V. 7. № 1. R. 1–85.
  10. Serov V.P. Anatomo-karpologicheskie razlichija mezhdu vidami roda Atragene (Ranun-culaceae) flory SSSR // Botanicheskij zhurn. 1987. T. 72. № 4. S. 477-480