COMPONENT COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF THUJA PLICATA DONN EX D.DON, GROWING ON THE SOUTHERN COAST OF THE CRIMEA AND THE BLACK SEA COAST OF THE CAUCASUS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2019-02-03
Download full text PDF
Issue: 
2
Year: 
2019

Yu.V. Plugatar Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr.Sc. (Agrical.), Director of the Federal State Funded Institution of Science «The Labor Red Banner Order Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Center» (Yalta, Republic of Crimea) O.M. Shevchuk Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Head of the Laboratory of the Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Federal State Funded Institution of Science «The Labor Red Banner Order Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Center» (Yalta, Republic of Crimea) E-mail: oksana_shevchuk1970@mail.ru S.A. Feskov Junior Research Scientist, Laboratory of the Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Federal State Funded Institution of Science «The Labor Red Banner Order Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Center» (Yalta, Republic of Crimea) L.B. Dmitriev Dr.Sc. (Chem.), Professor, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev (Moscow) E-mail: dmitrievlevb@mail.ru V.L. Dmitrieva Head of Laboratory, Department of Chemestry, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev (Moscow) V.D. Leiba Director of the Abkhazian Research Forest Experimental Station (Ochamchira, Republic of Abkhazia) E-mail: abnilos@rambler.ru T.A. Gulanyan Ph.D. (Biol.), Institution of Botany of the Abchazian Academy of Sciences (Suchum, Republic of Abkhazia) V.N. Gerasimchuk Reseach Scientist, Laboratory of the Dendrology, Federal State Funded Institution of Science «The Labor Red Banner Order Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Center» (Yalta, Republic of Crimea)

Giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don) is a representative of tertiary dendroflora, growing on the area covering the north-west region of North America. As an ornamental plant in the Southern Coast of the Crimea (SCC) this species has been under cultivation since 1859, on the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus (the BSCC) - since 1953. At home Th. plicata is one of the most visible trees of the upper tier, reaching 75 m in height and 2.4 m in diameter. Plants growing under the conditions of dry subtropics of the Mediterranean type (the SCC) reach a height of only 10-12 m, the diameter of the trunk - up to 20 cm, often have a bushy shape. In a humid subtropical climate (the BSCC) plants at the age of 40-50 years reach a height of 20-25 m and a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm. Essential oil of Th. plicata has a high antifungal and antibacterial activity, due to the high content of ketones (α- and ß- thujone). It was found that in humid and dry subtropical climate plants accumulate more essential oil compared to natural habitats and when grown in temperate latitudes: in the SCC the oil content can reach 1.1%, in the BSCC – 1.3% (in some cases - up to 1.7%). The variability of the component com-position of the essential oil Th. plicata is manifested in the change of the ratio of α - and ß – thujone with almost the same total content (88-90%). Under the humid subtropical conditions, the proportion of ß-tuyon is higher, which improves the quality of essential oil. Sabinene content ranges from 1.31% to 4%, terpene-4-ol – from 1.21% to 3.15%.

Keywords: 
Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don
essential oil
α- and ß- thujone
Southern Coast of the Crimea
Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus

It appears your Web browser is not configured to display PDF files. Download adobe Acrobat или click here to download the PDF file.

References: 
  1. America // The Mac Millian Company. New York. 1949; 996.
  2. Krussman G. Manual of cultivated broad leaved Trees and Shurbs // Batsford Timber Press, London. 1986; 448.
  3. Ivashchenko І.E. Pohodzhennya ta poshirennya Thuja plicata Don // Naukovij vіsnik NLTU Ukraїni. 2013; 23(5): 200–205.
  4. Plugatar' Yu.V., Korsakova S.P., Il'nickij O.A. Ehkologicheskij monitoring Yuzhnogo berega Kryma. Simferopol': IT «ARIAL», 2015; 164 s.
  5. Kohno N.A., Kurdyuk N.A. Teoreticheskie osnovy i opyt introdukcii drevesnyh rastenij na Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1994; 186 s.
  6. Plugatar' Yu.V. Nikitskij botanicheskij sad kak nauchnoe uchrezhdenie // Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii nauk. 2016; 86(2): 120–126.
  7. Zabelin I.A. Derev'ya i kustarniki arboretuma Nikitskogo botanicheskogo sada im. Molotova // Trudy GNBS im. Molotova. 1939; 22(1): 33–173.
  8. Osipov V.E. Tuya. M.: Lesnaya promyshlennost'. 1988. 72 s.
  9. Kaplunenko M.F. Tui i biota v ozelenenii na Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 1968. 85 s.
  10. Pasurashvili N. Bioehkologicheskie osobennosti nekotoryh drevesnyh vidov, introducirovannyh v Zapadnoj Gruzii: Avtoref. diss… kand. s.-h. nauk. Tbilisi. 2004. 26 s.
  11. Ehkba YA.A., Dbar R.S. Ehkologicheskaya klimatologiya i prirodnye landshafty Abhazii. Suhum. 2007. 324 s.
  12. Mlokosevich B.V., Lejba V.D. Lesnaya introdukciya v Abhazii. Ochamchira: ABNILOS. 1999. 80 s.
  13. Karpun Yu.N., Krivorotov S.B. Dekorativnaya dendrologiya Severnogo Kavkaza. Krasnodar: KubGAU. 2009. 471 s.
  14. Ajba G.G. Hvojnye rasteniya Abhazii i ih ispol'zovanie. Tbilisi: Mecniereba. 1980. 232 s.
  15. Kava T.I. Immunomoduliruyushchaya fitoterapiya // Mir natural'noj mediciny. 1998; 1: 27–29.
  16. Von Rudloff E., Lapp M.S., Yeh F.C. Chemosystematics study of Thuja plicata: Multivariate analysis of leaf oil terpene composition // Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 1988; 16: 119–125.
  17. Berlin J. Determination and quantification of monoterpenoids secreted into the medium of cell cultures of Thuja occidentalis // Phytochemistry. 1984; 23: 1277–1279.
  18. Bruce A., Bohm. Thuja plicata – Western Red Cedar (Cupressaceae) // The Geography of Phytochemical Races. Vancouver, Canada. 2009; 137–138.
  19. Shutova A.G., Spiridovich E.V., Garanovich I.M., Nevero A.S., Rizevskij S.V., Kurchenko V.P., Ivanova A.V. Sostav ehfirnyh masel nekotoryh predstavitelej roda Thuja, introducirovannyh v Central'nom botanicheskom sadu NAN Belarusi // Trudy Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Fiziologicheskie, biohimicheskie i molekulyarnye osnovy funkcionirovaniya biosistem. 2009; 4, 2: 237–242.
  20. Tsiri D., Graikou K., Poblocka-Olech L., Krauze-Baranowska M., Spyropoulos C., Chnou I. Chemosystematic value of the essential oil composition of Thuja species cultivated in Poland-antimicrobial activity // Molecules. 2009; 14: 4707–4715.
  21. Sivropoulou A., Nikolaou C., Papanikolaou E., Kokkini S., Lanaras T., Arsenakis M. Antimicrobial, Cytotoxic and Antiviral Activities of Salvia fructicosa Essential Oil // Agricol Food Chemistry. 1997; 45: 3197–3201.
  22. Plugatar' Yu.V., Shevchuk O.M., Lejba V.D., Fes'kov S.A. Komponentnyj sostav ehfirnogomasla Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don v usloviyah introdukcii na Chernomosrkom poberezh'e Kavkaza // Materialy Mezhdunar. yubil. konf. «Rol' botanicheskih sadov v sohranenii i monitoringe bioraznoobraziya Kavkaza» (Suhum, 6–10 sentyabrya, 2016 g.). Suhum. 2016; 369–376.
  23. Biohimicheskie metody analiza ehfirnomaslichnyh rastenij i ehfirnyh masel. Simferopol': VNIEHMK, 1972; 107 s.
  24. Dmitriev L.B., Dmitrieva V.L. Izuchenie sostava ehfirnyh masel ehfiromaslichnyh rastenij Nechernozemnoj zony Rossii // Izv. TSKHA. 2011; 3: 106–119.
  25. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). Non-Wood Forest Products from Conifers. // Chapter 7-Essential Oils. Italy. 1995; 12: 86.
  26. Millet Y. Toxicity of some essential plant oils. Clinical and experimental study // Clinical Toxicology. 1981; 18:1485–1498.
  27. Höld K.M., Sirisoma N.S., Ikeda T., Narahashi T., Casida J.E. Alpha-thujone (the active component of absinthe): gamma-aminobutyric acid type а receptor modulation and metabolic detoxification // Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 2000; 97: 3826–3831.
  28. Sushkova L.O., Dmitrieva V.L., Dmitriev L.B. Sostav ehfirnogo masla Thuja plicata akklimatizirovannoj v botanicheskom sadu VILAR // Doklady TSKHA. 2018; 290, IV: 369–371.