TRAITS OF GROWTH OF VARIOUS SPECIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THE GENUS ALOE IN GREENHOUSE AND THE ACCUMULATION OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS IN THEM

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2020-11-07
Issue: 
11
Year: 
2020

N.V. Zagoskina Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Professor, К.А. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) E-mail: zagoskina@ifr.moscow P.V. Lapshin Ph.D. (Biol.), Senior Research Scientist, К.А. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) E-mail: p.lapshin@mail.ru L.V. Nazarenko Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Moscow City University, Institute of Natural Sciences and Sports Technologies (Moscow) E-mail: nlv.mgpu@mail.ru N.N. Sazhina Ph.D. (Biol.), Senior Research Scientist, Institute of Biochemical Physics named after N. M. Emanuel, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) E-mail: Natnik48s@yandex.ru

The growth of ten species of the genus Aloe (A. variegata, A. isaloensis, A. dorotheae, A. striata, A. immaculata, A. congolensis, A. deltoideodonta, A. vera, A. arborescens, and A. pluridens) grown in greenhouses, as well as morphometric parameters and the total content of phe-nolic compounds in their leaves, were studied. The investigated species are characterized by significant differences in the height of plants and the square of their leaves. A. arborescens and A. vera were the tallest plants, while A.immaculata was the lowest. With the ontogenetic development, the leaf area in all species increased and in the adult state was 1.5 - 3 times higher than that in young ones. A. vera had the highest scores, and the smallest ones are in A. isaloensis. Determination of the total content of phenolic compounds showed a higher level in leaves aged 1.5 year compared to the earlier stages of their ontogenesis (6 months), which is most expressed in A. congolensis. The lowest content of these secondary metabolites was observed in A. variegata, A. immaculata, A. striata. A. arborescens, A. pluridens, A. vera and A. dorotheae it was 2-3 times higher. The highest total content of phenolic compounds is typical for A. deltoideodonta (independently of leaf age), A. isaloensis and A. congolensis. All this indicates significant differences in the accumulation of phenolic compounds in the leaves of various Aloe species and the dependence of this process on the ontogenetic phase of their development.

Keywords: 
medicinal plants
Aloe
growth
morphometry
phenolic compounds

References: 
  1. Bogojavlenskij A.P., Aleksjuk P.G., Turmagambetova A.S., Berezin V.Je. Aktual'nye problemy standartizacii fitopreparatov i rastitel'nogo syr'ja dlja ih proizvodstva. Fundamental'nye issledovanija. 2013; 6–5: 1184–1187.
  2. Wagner H. Natural products chemistry and phytomedicine in the 21-st century: New developments and challenges. Pure and Applied Chemistry. 2005; 77: 1–6.
  3. Sazhina N.N., Lapshin P.V., Zagoskina N.V. Biologically active compounds search among Aloe spp. Temperate horticulture for sustainable development and environment: ecological aspects. Еds. Weisfeld L.I., Opalko A.I., Bekuzarova S.A. Canada: Apple Academic Press, 2019: 163–176.
  4. Newton L.E. Aloes in habitat. Eds. Reynolds T. Aloes: The genus Aloe. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 2004: 3–14.
  5. Maharjan R., Laxmipriya N.P. Evaluation of biological properties and clinical effectiveness of Aloe vera: a systematic review. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. 2015; 5: 21–26.
  6. Olennikov D.N., Zilfikarov I.N., Ibragimov T.A. Himicheskij sostav soka aloje drevovidnogo (Aloe arborescens Mill.) i ego antioksidantnaja aktivnost' (in vitro). Himija rastitel'nogo syr'ja. 2010; 3: 83−90.
  7. Cock I.E. Problems of reproducibility and efficacy of bioassays using crude extracts, with reference to Aloe vera. Pharmacognosy Communications. 2011;1: 52−62.
  8. Cardarelli M., Rouphael Y., Pellizzoni M., Colla G., Lucini L. Profile of bioactive secondary metabolites and antioxidant capacity of leaf exudates from eighteen Aloe species. Industrial Crops and Products. 2017;108: 44–51.
  9. Tarahovskij Ju.S., Kim Ju.A., Abdrasilov B.S., Muza¬farov E.N. Flavonoidy: biohimija, biofizika, medicina. Pushhino: Sunchrobook, 2013; 310 c.
  10. Rogozhin V.V., Rogozhina T.V. Praktikum po fiziologii i biohimii rastenij. SPb.: Giord, 2013; 352 s.
  11. Lapshin P.V., Nazarenko L.V., Zagoskina N.V. Soderzhanie fenol'nyh soedinenij v list'jah Anacampseros filamentosa i ee krasnookrashennoj formy. Estestvennye i tehnicheskie nauki. 2018; 12 (126); 47–49.
  12. Nikolaeva T.N., Lapshin P.V., Nechaeva T.L., Zagoskina N.V. Sposob opredelenija summarnogo soderzhanija fenol'nyh soedinenij v rastitel'nyh ob’ektah (№ 270087; 2019). https://findpatent.ru/patent/270/2700787.html
  13. Stasik O.O., Kirizij D.A., Prjadkina G.A. Fotosintez i problemy povyshenija produktivnosti ras-tenij. Fiziologija rastenij i genetika. 2013; 45: 501–516.
  14. Zaprometov M.N., Nikolaeva T.N. Sposobnost' izolirovannyh hloroplastov iz list'ev fasoli osushhestvljat' biosintez fenol'nyh soedinenij. Fiziologija rastenij. 2003; 50: 699–702.