MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THE LAMIACEAE FAMILY AS FLAVONOIDS SOURCES

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2018-01-06
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Issue: 
1
Year: 
2018

E.L. Malankina Dr.Sc. (Agricul.), Professor, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow) Е-mail: gandurina@mail.ru E.N. Tkacheva Post-graduate Student, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy Е-mail: gandurina@mail.ru L.N. Kozlovskaya Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Department of Botany, Breeding and Seed Breeding of Horticultural Crops, Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy Е-mail: lkozlovska@mail.ru

The article presents the results of studies about flavonoids accumulation in raw material of some medicinal plants species of the Lamiaceae family and were identified factors influencing on their content. It was revealed significant interspecific differences in flavo-noids content within the Lamiaceae family. Flavonoids are biologically active substances related with auxin synthesis and activity in plant. It is the regulators of auxin-metabolism, they prevent fat oxidation and ensure the stability of the vitamins in plants. In the last decades the especial interest are the antioxidant effects of flavonoids, their ability to destroy free radicals and remove from the human body. However, now in the sci-entific literature the results about flavonoids content in medicinal plants of Lamiaceae family had been studied insufficiently. In this regard, the aim of our work to identify species of the Lamiaceae family with the highest flavonoids content, and to study the influence of various factors on their content in plants. As research objects, we have taken common medicinal and spicy-flavoring plants, successfully grown in non-Chernozem zone of Russia: the common hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.), lofant anise (Agastache foeniculum (Pursh.) O. Kuntze), Moldavian dragonhead (genus Dracocephalum moldavica L.), creeping thyme (Thymus sepillum L.) and thyme (Th. vulgar-is L.) and oregano (Origanum vulgare L.). For hyssopus officinalis and thymus vulgaris species were taken several varieties of different geographical origin. The study was conducted in the period from 2010 to 2016, the definition of flavonoids content was carried out in dry raw mate-rials by spectrophotometry after reaction with aluminum chloride. The flavonoids content in raw materials were fluctuated significantly by year depending on weather conditions and the phase of development. Also were revealed significant interspecific and intraspecific differences in the flavonoids content for the populations of different geographical origin. The dynamic of flavonoids accumulation allows to optimize the harvesting of medicinal plants. We established that the greatest scientific and practical interest have oregano and lo-fant anise, in which the flavonoids content were moreover 2.5%, this is consistent with data of other authors.

Keywords: 
flavonoids
Lamiaceae
Hyssopus officinalis
Melissa officinalis
Agastache foeniculum
Origanum vulgare

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