THE ROLE OF IRON IN MAINTENANCE OF THE PHYSICAL FORM OF SPORTSMEN

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2019-01-03
Issue: 
1
Year: 
2019

A.L. Gorbachev Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Professor, Leading Research Scientist, North Eastern State University (Magadan) E-mail: gor000@mail.ru

The literature data on the role of macroelements and trace elements (iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, chromium, selenium, etc.) in maintaining and restoring the physical performance of athletes are presented. A special role is given to the analysis of the role of iron in maintaining the physical form. The data on the distribution of iron in the body, the forms of its transportation and storage are given. Clinical methods for determining the level of iron in the body are shown. The animals and plant products nec-essary for the replenishment of iron reserves were noted. The main forms of iron deficiency states, the criteria for their diagnosis and symptoms of manifestation are presented. Separately, sports anemia is analyzed. The results of the study of athletes of different sports of the city of Magadan are shown: the parameters of red blood (hemoglobin, the number of erythrocytes) and the elemental status of athletes with an emphasis on iron content. Elemental analysis of athletes' hair revealed in most subjects a high iron content exceeding the known standards by 7–10 times. Regardless of the sport, there is a direct correlation between the intensity of physical activity and the elevated iron content. High parameters of iron in the hair of athletes are interpreted as increased circulation of iron, removal of it from the body and formation (before) of iron deficiency. Given that the red blood cells and the hemoglobin level were in the normal range, it was suggested that Magadan athletes have a hidden iron deficiency, which can be the basis of sports anemia. Recommendations for controlling iron levels are given and some (para-) pharmacological preparations necessary for restoring the level of iron and maintaining the physical status of athletes are presented.

Keywords: 
sport
trace elements
iron
physical status

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