DAGHESTAN NATURAL SAMPLES OF THE SEEDS OF CARUM CARVI L. AS SOURCES OF TERPENOIDS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2019-12-07
Issue: 
12
Year: 
2019

F.A. Vagabova Ph.D. (Eng.), Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Federal Research Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: fazina@mail.ru A.M. Musaev Head of Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Federal Research Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: musaev-58@lust.ru A.M. Aliev Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Federal Research Center of RAS (Makhachkala); Senior Research Scientist institute of physic, Dagestan Federal Research Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: aslan4848@yahoo.com G.K. Radjabov Research Scientist, Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Medical Botany, Mountain Botanical Garden, Dagestan Federal Research Center of RAS (Makhachkala) Е-mail: chem.@mail.ru

The component composition of the essential oil of the fruits of Carum carvi L., collected from the natural populations of Dagestan in 2015 during their full maturation, was studied for the first time. The investigated essential oil obtained from the fruit by the method of hydrodistillation on the device clevenger within 3 hours. The resulting oil had a light yellow color, the output was from 1.35 to 4.88%, depending on the place of growth of raw materi-als. Chromato-mass spectral analysis of the component composition of volatile substances of essential oils revealed 12 characteristic compounds for this type. Each of the chromatographic peaks is identified by a retention index and MS data. The main components of the essential oil of seeds of all the population are carvon (47.55–52.59%) and limonene (43.67–48.02%), making up about 90% of the sum of all components. These compounds have a wide pharmaceutical effect. It should be noted that some valuable components, such as carvacrol, were not found in the essential oils of the fruits of the Daghestani samples of C. carvi, but compounds were found that are not characterized by the samples of essential oils given in the litera-ture. Cluster analysis by the component attribute of C. carvi fruit essential oils showed a strong scatter of cumin seed populations between samples according to geography.

Keywords: 
Сarum carvi L.
essential oil
carvon
limonene
essential oil components
chromatography-mass spectrometry
population

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