CURRENT STATUS AND THE PERSPECTIVES OF FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF SPANISH SALSIFY (SURVEY)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877313-2020-01-01
Issue: 
1
Year: 
2020

A.M. Sampiev Ph.D. (Pharm.), Professor, Head of the Pharmaceutics Department, Kuban State Medical University (Krasnodar) E-mail: corpus@ksma.ru M.R. Khochava Ph.D. (Pharm.), Associate Professor, Pharmaceutics Department, Kuban State Medical University (Krasnodar) T.Е. Onbysh Ph.D. (Pharm.), Senior Lecturer, Pharmaceutics Department, Kuban State Medical University (Krasnodar) A.I. Shevchenko Ph.D. (Pharm.), Senior Lecturer, Pharmaceutics Department, Kuban State Medical University (Krasnodar) O.A. Bykova Ph.D. (Agricul.), Director of North Caucasian Branch, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow) E-mail: vilar8@rambler.ru F.M. Khazieva Ph.D (Biol.), Head of Department of Agrobiology and Selection, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (Moscow) E-mail: vilar.6@yandex.ru

The purpose of this review paper is to identify the level of knowledge about Spanish salsify roots and herbs as a medicinal raw materials. In Krasnodar region scorzonera or Spanish salsify (Scorzonera hispanica L.) is quite widely cultivated. It is a member of the sunflower family (Asteraceae) having rather big above-ground usable mass and a root having been long since used in the traditional medicine to treat diabetes mellitus. Anumber-ofauthorsconsidertheplantis dietary. The nutritionalvalueof the root crop isduetothe content of inulinandotherhigh molecular weight hydrocarbons which metabolize into fructose conferring high-degree sweetness in the process of hydrolysis. All parts of plant is used for food: juvenile leaves for salads, roots as side dishes, first and main dishes. Besides root shaving high nutritional value, the little-studied above–ground part of Spanish salsify is also of interest as a promising product for producing medicines in complex non waste plant processing. In this connection it seems appropriate to analize the current data in the literature with the purpose to find out the level knowledge about salsify as a medicineplant.

Keywords: 
Spanish salsify
herb
root
micronutrients
foodplants
hydrocarbons
phenolic compounds
phytotherapy
diabetes mellitus

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